We use the past simple to describe completed actions in the past.
We often use past time expressions with the past simple, e.g. yesterday, last week, when I was a child.
I arrived home yesterday.
I bought a new car last month.
I often visited my grandparents when I was a child.
I sometimes went to the theatre when I lived in Mexico City.
I liked sweets a lot when I was at primary school.
I had a lot of friends at university.
Regular and irregular verbs
Past simple verbs are the same for all persons: I / you / we / they / he / she / it.
I worked. She worked. They worked.
You went. He went. We went.
Some verbs are regular. We add -ed to make the past simple:
work ➔ worked
help ➔ helped
Some verbs are irregular and you will need to learn their past forms:
meet ➔ met
buy ➔ bought
|most verbs ➔ add -ed||start ➔ started
watch ➔ watched
|verb ends in -e ➔ add -d||live ➔ lived
die ➔ died
|verb ends in consonant + -y ➔ change -y to -i then add -ed||try ➔ tried
cry ➔ cried
|verb ends in one vowel (a, e, i, o, u) and one consonant (g, n, t, etc.) ➔ double the consonant and add -ed||stop ➔ stopped
plan ➔ planned
|never double the consonants w, x or y ➔ add -ed only||show ➔ showed
play ➔ played
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